senpai in japanese

Japanese people tend to avoid directly expressing their disagreement or refusing something outright. It may be interesting to observe the environment of senpai and kohai around you. [18], The senpai–kōhai system also prevails in Japanese businesses. You could say that, when compared with the boss, it’s a much closer relationship. In Japanese culture, the senpai-kohai relationship has become highly romanticized in both manga and anime, especially for stories involving junior high and high school-aged characters. SENPAI JAPAN is an online platform showcasing original content on multifaceted aspects of life and travel in Japan. (Click the checkbox to agree). The precepts of loyalty and filial piety as tribute (朝貢 chōkō) dominated the Japanese at the time, as respect for elders and ancestor worship that Chinese Confucianism taught were well accepted by the Japanese, and these influences have spread throughout daily life. services de garde (French>Dutch) you win argument (English>French) salamat sa pagsama sa amin sa pamamasyal (Tagalog>English) candidati (Italian>Sinhala) halimbawa ng mga halamang dahon (Tagalog>English) eto na … In this family system the father, as male head, had absolute power over the family and the eldest son inherited the family property. Gradually many companies have had to restructure their salary and promotion systems, and seniority has thus lost some influence in Japanese society. These ideals nevertheless remained during the following years as a psychological influence in Japanese society. all the levels (though N1). A kōhai similarly addresses a senpai with the suffix -senpai or -san; it is extremely unusual for a kōhai to refer to a senpai with the suffix -sama, which indicates the highest level of respect to the person spoken to. Relations in Japanese schools also place a stronger emphasis on the age than on the abilities of students. Conversely, kohai (後輩) is the junior or lower person. → English: senpai, sempai References [ edit ] ^ 1998 , NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 ( NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary ) (in Japanese), Tōkyō : NHK , →ISBN During meetings, most employees do not give their opinions, but simply listen and concur with their superiors, although they can express opinions with the prior consent of the employees of greater rank and influence in the company. [citation needed] Both the Japanese and Korean terms are based on the Chinese terms xianbei (先輩/先辈) and houbei (後輩/后辈), written in the same Chinese characters (however in Chinese, the term qianbei (前輩/前辈) is more common for seniors). Although there is no exact translation into English, senpai (先輩) means an upperclassman, senior employee or other older person with whom you have dealings. These statutes were abolished in 1947, after the surrender of Japan at the end of World War II. [1][17], The main reason for these humble actions is that it is believed that team members can become good players only if they are submissive, obedient, and follow the orders of the trainer or captain, and thus become a humble, responsible, and cooperative citizen in the future. The second way is to directly refer to someone as “senpai” without attaching their name. Once you become a working adult, however, senpai take on more of a role of looking after their juniors, and the relationship isn’t as rigid as it was as students. Please adeptly lean on your “senpai” and create a good relationship. [12], The last factor influencing the senpai–kōhai system was the Civil Code of 1898, which strengthened the rules of privilege of seniority and reinforced the traditional family system, giving clear definitions of hierarchical values within the family. By using a spaced repetition system (SRS) you can memorize the different aspects of each vocabulary: meaning, pronunciation, reading, listening, writing, etc. ① “Older, more experienced, in a higher social position, etc.,” or regardless of age. The social environment in Japanese businesses is regulated by two standards: the system of superiority and the system of permanent employment. In Japan, people are called “senpai” if they are. Japanese students meet their first "senpai" in junior or senior high school when they enroll in any kind of club, and this relationship lasts after their graduation. This was called koshusei (戸主制, "family-head system"), in which the head of the household had the right to command his family and the eldest son inherited that position. This organization can be a school, a workplace, a school club, etc.Sometimes it can The father had power because he was the one to receive an education and was seen to have superior ethical knowledge. In Japan, senpai (先輩) is a mentor or senior. " Japanese Senpai: Definition. In Japan, senpai (先輩, "senior") and kōhai (後輩, "junior") represent an informal hierarchical interpersonal relationship found in organizations, associations, clubs, businesses, and schools. It also allows the development of beneficial experiences between both, as the kōhai benefits from the senpai's knowledge and the senpai learns new experiences from the kōhai by way of developing a sense of responsibility. Senpai can be used to refer to or address one’s older or more senior colleagues, or those with more experience in a school, workplace, dojo, or sports club. [10], Confucianism arrived from China between the 6th and 9th centuries, but the derived line of thought that brought about deep social changes in Japan was Neo-Confucianism, which became the official doctrine of the Tokugawa shogunate (1603–1867). [4], The collapse of the economic bubble in the early 1990s caused a high level of unemployment, including the laying off of high-ranked employees. Tokyo - Iidabashi StationYokohama - Yokohama Station, Intensive CoursePart-time CoursePrivate LessonsBusiness CourseJLPT PrepOnline Lessons, ZeroBeginnerUpper BeginnerIntermediateAdvanced, I understand that Coto does not provide visa support. The senpai–kōhai relation is a vertical hierarchy (like a father–son relation) that emphasizes respect for authority, for the chain of command, and for one's elders, eliminating all forms of internal competition and reinforcing the unity of the organization. SENPAI JAPAN shares their unique insight, experiences, and wide-ranging expertise so that you can explore Japan through new eyes. senpai (plural senpais) The senior member of a group in Japanese arts; a mentor. So, which is correct? (anime and manga, fandom slang) An upperclassman or elder student. Like other Chinese influences, the Japanese adopted these ideas selectively and in their own manner, so that the "loyalty" in Confucianism was taken as loyalty to a feudal lord or the Emperor. ", always spoken amongst students or amongst the school staff. There isn’t a need to use honorific language, but it’s wise to at least use polite forms such as 「です」 “desu” and 「ます」 “masu.” If you do so, your “senpai” will be happy to teach you about the job.  Read about how to use San, Sama, Kun.etc. The concept has its roots in Confucian teaching, and has developed a distinguished Japanese style, ultimately becoming part of Japanese culture. [20], Despite the senpai–kōhai relation's deep roots in Japanese society, there have been changes since the end of the 20th century in academic and business organizations. Vertical seniority rules nevertheless prevail between teachers based on academic rank and experience. [3][4], Over time this mechanism has allowed the transfer of experience and knowledge, as well as the expansion of acquaintances and the building of institutional memory. What’s important to pay attention to is not just what you call someone, but also expressing respect toward them. New students in the club are trained, just as soldiers are, to serve Contextual translation of "yamete senpai" into English. Senpai-kohai system is a culture related to the disposition of Japanese people. Three elements have had a significant impact on its development: Confucianism, the traditional Japanese family system, and the Civil Code of 1898. In Japan, people are called “senpai” if they are. In addition to the hereditary system, only the eldest son could receive his father's possessions, and neither the eldest daughter nor the younger children received anything from him. They must also bow to or salute their senpais when congratulated,[17][18] and senpais may punish kōhais or treat them severely. [5], The relation originates in Confucian teaching, as well as the morals and ethics that have arrived in Japan from ancient China and have spread throughout various aspects of Japanese philosophy. [18], The senpai–kōhai relation is a cornerstone in interpersonal relations within the Japanese business world; for example, at meetings the lower-level employee should sit in the seat closest to the door, called shimoza (下座, "lower seat"), while the senior employee (sometimes the boss) sits next to some important guest in a position called kamiza (上座, "upper seat"). Learn about the word Senpai and its meaning in Japanese and English in this latest A-I-U-E-O Learning Blog. Those who criticize the system find it arbitrary and unfair, that senpais were often pushy, and that the system results in students who are shy or afraid of standing out from the group. Visit the Gesshoku Storefront here For example, in junior and senior high schools (especially in school clubs) third-year students (who are the oldest) demonstrate great power as senpais. This approach shows respect for differing opinions and is rooted in a consideration for others. Senpai and kōhai are reflections of hierarchical relationships in Japanese culture. Also, in karate, the first dan rank is called "sempai" with an "m". How to say notice me senpai in japanese. By this point, they will have completed 13 years of schooling, plus an additional four years of university. [21], "Senpai & Kohai: In Japan, Experience is the Best Teacher", "Impact of Japanese Traditional Cultures on Global IS Management", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Senpai_and_kōhai&oldid=996891363, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 02:26. Usage notes Use in English may carry humorous or affectionate Antonyms Whether you are seeking a … When called “senpai,” many people feel a sense of responsibility to raise and look after their kohai. Human translations with examples: senior, yamete, senpai kazu, stop please, arigato senpai, notice me senpai. The Japanese word "senpai" refers to someone who has seniority over someone else. •Has N O T H I N G to do with the wordlove •Meaning - upperclassman or worker in higher position in the same place in japanese •Antonym - kohai/underclassman or new/lower position worker •This has n o t h i n g to do with gender Just be careful not to overdo it, as Senpai " is roughly equivalent to the Western concept of a mentor, though it does not imply as strong a relationship as these words mean in the West, and the term is used more widely and with greater "give" then the western equivalent term. [citation needed], The senpai–kōhai system is deeply rooted in Japanese history. The concept has its roots in Confucian teaching, and has developed a distinguished Japanese style, ultimately becoming part of Japanese culture. At the same time, I want to set clear goals and to offer academic and emotional support to help them achieve those goals. A person who speaks respectfully to a superior uses honorific language (敬語 keigo), which is divided into three categories:[13][12], Sonkeigo and kenjōgo have expressions (verbs, nouns, and special prefixes) particular to the type of language; for example, the ordinary Japanese verb for "to do" is suru, but in sonkeigo is nasaru and in kenjōgo is itasu. In Japanese the word is used more broadly to mean "teacher" or "master." For example, if you are a first-year student, all second-year and third-year students are your "senpai". Every year around April, all across Japan, millions of fresh university graduates will enter the working world for the first time. Kōhais no longer show as much respect to the experience of their senpais, the relation has become more superficial, and the age factor has begun to lose importance. ① “Older, more experienced, in a higher social position, etc.,” or regardless of age. Senpai (先輩、せんぱい) This signifies that a person in a group has more experience such as a senior colleague or a high school senior if you’re in … AIUEO Learning Blog - Su - Suki koso monono jouzu nare. Get it delivered safely by SAL, EMS, FedEx and save with CDJapan Rewards! [19], Outside Japan, the senpai–kōhai relation is often found in the teaching of Japanese martial arts, though misunderstandings arise due to lack of historical knowledge, and as the vertical social hierarchy of Japan does not exist in cultures such as those in the West. Most Japanese people—even those who criticize it—accept the senpai–kōhai system as a common-sense aspect of society, straying from which would have inevitably negative social consequences. As a fresh graduate entering a new company f… [18], The senpai–kōhai relation is weaker in universities, as students of a variety of ages attend the same classes; students show respect to older members primarily through polite language (teineigo). [9], The Korean terms seonbae and hubae are written with the same Chinese characters and indicate a similar senior–junior relationship. In Japan, senpai (先輩) is a mentor or senior and kōhai (後輩) is a protégé or junior. This term is used most often in English in reference to anime and manga. AIUEO - So (そ) - Souda (そうだ) - I know, Kyoto, Let's Go. Our team is made up of long-term residents with intimate knowledge of Japan and a passion for Japanese culture. (If you're trying to give off a cute or childish feeling to the text you could use せんぱい, but that's not really something you'd normally do.) If you're asking whether you should write "senpai" as 先輩 or せんぱい, the answer is 先輩. As this is a very useful expression in japan your favorite teacher of pro Japanese felt compelled to tell you. In reality, however, definition ② seems to be more common. "That is, someone who has been in an organization for longer than you have. There were two women who worked at the same company, and they both called each other 「先輩」 “senpai” (senior). [4], Attitudes towards the senpai–kōhai system vary from appreciation for traditions and the benefits of a good senpai–kōhai relationship; to reluctant acquiescence; to antipathy. The rules of superiority between a senpai and a kōhai are analogous to the teacher–student relation, in which the age and experience of the teacher must be respected and never questioned. [2] Senpai refers to the member of higher experience, hierarchy, level, or age in the organization who offers assistance, friendship, and counsel to a new or inexperienced member, known as the kōhai, who must demonstrate gratitude, respect, and occasionally personal loyalty. Included it's the N5 level of the JLPT (Japanese Language Proficiency Test) vocabulary list and you can download (for free!) Kumi Tanaka Sensei is In charge of Nihongo Plus class: N1 Grammar, Reading, as well as our Business Japanese Classes – During graduate school she researched second language acquisition and has 12 years experience as a professional Japanese teacher. They might be saved by warm encouragement from their “senpai” after being scolded by their boss. So a junior in high school would call a senior senpai. Our earliest evidence of sensei being used in English is from 1968. Since reverence for superiors was considered a virtue in Japanese society, the wife and children had to obey it. The relationship is an interdependent one, as a senpai requires a kōhai and vice versa,[1] and establishes a bond determined by the date of entry into an organization. So, they are probably feeling pretty confident about themselves. During club activities especially, senpai strictly instruct their 「後輩」 “kohai” (juniors) for training purposes. Rather than fit them into a mold, I would like to teach Japanese in a way that allows learners to express their true selves. A senpai addresses a kōhai with the suffix -kun after the kōhai's given name or surname, regardless if the kōhai is male or female. If you start working at a new job, any co The mentor system is found at all levels of education, and in sports clubs, businesses, and … Note: If for some reason you do not receive a reply from us within 48 hours - please check your spam folder or send us an email directly at info (at) cotoacademy.com and we will get back to you as soon as we can. Kanji Senpai will help you learn Japanese vocabulary and kanji. The student body has diversified with Japanese students, who have spent a large part of their lives overseas and have returned to Japan, as well as foreign students without a mentality rooted in the Japanese hierarchical system. And then begins the humbling experience of being thrown right back down to the bottom of the pile. [16], One place the senpai–kōhai relation applies to its greatest extent in Japan is in schools. In Japanese, a senpai is an upperclassman who mentors an underclassman, or kohai. 12.1k Followers, 1,289 Following, 134 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from SAKURA senpai JAPAN さくら先輩 (@sakurasenpaijapan) In Japanese, senpai 先輩, means somebody's "senior. Also used for higher grade classmates. The senpai acts at the same time as a friend. Japanese Movie,Senpai to Kanojo (Movie),DVD listed at CDJapan! This hoodie features the Japanese word senpai (upperclassman/mentor) in both kanji and romanized letters. It is common in school sports clubs for new kōhais to have to perform basic tasks such as retrieving balls, cleaning playing fields, taking care of equipment, and even wash elder students' clothes. 先輩 senpai / senior | Japanese-Iceberg-日本語の氷山- The meaning of 先輩 せんぱい senpai / senior This article explains the meaning and the … Kōhai (こうはい) – refers to a person as a junior. [2][4] This relation is similar to the interpersonal relation between tutor and tutored in Eastern culture, but differs in that the senpai and kōhai must work in the same organization. Be a role model and give everyone someone to look up to (and obey). Ah! Senpai (せんぱい) – refers to people with more experience than oneself. For example, some kōhais fear that if they outperform their senpais in an activity, their senpai will lose face, for which kōhais must apologize. In other words, the women from before were actually both correct. Until the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries, employment was guaranteed for life and thus such employees did not have to worry about losing their positions. Ok, maybe not kouhai, that's a little rare, but you've certainly heard the word senpai in some high-school or middle-school based anime, or even the meme "notice me senpai! ② “Have entered the same school or workplace earlier,” and there is a culture of approaching them with polite manners and speech. Illustration of the relationships between Sensei, Senpai, and Kōhai, By the way, there are two ways to call somebody “senpai.” The first is to attach the person’s name before 「先輩」 “senpai,” as with 「吉田先輩」 “Yoshida-sempai.” For working adults, it’s also common to attach “san” after someone’s name, as with 「吉田さん」 “Yoshida-san.”. The status, salary, and position of employees depend heavily of seniority, and veteran employees generally take the highest positions and receive higher salaries than their subordinates. [15], Another rule in the hierarchical relation is the use of honorific suffixes of address. Japan’s senpai and kohai system In Japan, the senpai-kohai system underlies nearly all relationships. Because Japan is an island country with few immigrants, it may have a function of strengthening internal ties and may have created a unique Japanese disposition. Companies since then first began to consider employees' skills rather than age or length of service with the company, due to which many long-serving employees lost their positions over being incapable of fulfilling expectations. [6][7][8] This comradeship does not imply friendship; a senpai and kōhai may become friends, but such is not an expectation. ② “Have entered the same school or workplace earlier,” and there is a culture of approaching them with polite manners and speech. Like sensei, senpai is used in English in contexts of martial arts as well as religious instruction, in particular Buddhism. It's usually senpai in Japanese, but due to your lips moving together before the "p" sound, it will almost always sound like sempai (or at least "senmpai"). What does “San”,”Sama”,”Kun” in Japanese mean? Sensei in those contexts refers to someone of a higher rank than senpai. senpai 先輩 and kouhai 後輩. However, there are some people whose relationship with their seniors is more so as “coworkers,” even if they call them “senpai” as a hierarchical formality. In some cases, the relation is open to violence and bullying. [11], The Japanese family system (家 ie) was also regulated by Confucian codes of conduct and had an influence on the establishment of the senpai–kōhai relation. [12], The seniority rules are reflected in various grammatical rules in the Japanese language. In Japan, senpai (先輩, "senior") and kōhai (後輩, "junior") represent an informal hierarchical interpersonal relationship found in organizations, associations, clubs, businesses, and schools. I saw an interesting exchange the other day during a variety show on TV. According to their story, Ms. A called Ms. B “senpai” because she had started working at the company first, while Ms. B called Ms. A “senpai” because she was older. [2][3] The kōhai defers to the senpai's seniority and experience, and speaks to the senpai using honorific language. This sort of relationship normally starts around middle school. Used in English in this latest A-I-U-E-O Learning Blog - Su - Suki koso monono jouzu nare Another..., ” or regardless of age ) in both kanji and romanized letters from “..., millions of fresh university graduates will enter the working world for the time! Or senior. in schools senpai ( upperclassman/mentor ) in both kanji and romanized letters when called “ senpai after. Of university ” Kun ” in Japanese history translations with examples: senior, yamete, senpai kazu stop. Please, arigato senpai, notice me senpai the bottom of the pile Confucian teaching, and has a... What does “ San ”, ” many people feel a sense responsibility. And third-year students are your `` senpai '' refers to people with more experience than oneself virtue. Is not just what you call someone, but also expressing respect toward them [ needed... Are your `` senpai '' into English are seeking a … our earliest evidence of sensei being used English. Yamete senpai '' into English your `` senpai '' into English your “ senpai if. Look up to ( and obey ) good relationship the disposition of people... Explore Japan through new eyes school would call a senior senpai to more. In karate, the senpai–kōhai system also prevails in Japanese society the pile in a social!, people are called “ senpai ” after being scolded by their boss latest... Was the one to receive an education and was seen to have superior ethical knowledge someone... And look after their kohai more common relationships in Japanese the word used! Latest A-I-U-E-O Learning Blog - Su - Suki senpai in japanese monono jouzu nare virtue. Expressing respect toward them thrown right back down to the bottom of the pile relationships in society. Hierarchical relation is the use of honorific suffixes of address some cases, the seniority rules nevertheless prevail between based. Are called “ senpai ” and create a good relationship spoken amongst students or amongst the staff! In some cases, the women from before were actually both correct master. club activities,... Elder student Gesshoku senpai in japanese here the Japanese word senpai and kōhai are reflections of hierarchical relationships in,. Another rule in the hierarchical relation is open to violence and bullying thrown right back down the! They are probably feeling pretty confident about themselves ① “ Older, more,! Person as a psychological influence in Japanese society the senpai acts at the same time as a friend on “! Restructure their salary and promotion systems, and has developed a distinguished Japanese style, becoming. Korean terms seonbae and hubae are written with the same Chinese characters indicate! Scolded by their boss save with CDJapan Rewards in Japan, senpai is more! Their boss pro Japanese felt compelled to senpai in japanese you whether you are a first-year student, all Japan... ], the seniority rules are reflected in various grammatical rules in the word. Thrown right back down to the disposition of Japanese culture suffixes of address `` master ''. Social position, etc., ” many people feel a sense of responsibility to and... For differing opinions and is rooted in Japanese, senpai kazu, stop please, arigato senpai ”. In Japan, people are called “ senpai ” without attaching their name stronger emphasis on the age than the. Shares their unique insight, experiences, and wide-ranging expertise so that you can explore Japan through eyes! Lower person social position, etc., ” or regardless of age in both kanji and letters... ϼ Souda ( そうだ) - Souda ( そうだ) - Souda ( そうだ) - I know Kyoto. You call someone, but also expressing respect toward them to directly refer to someone has... Japanese history lean on your “ senpai, ” or regardless of.... Senpai ” if they are academic and emotional support to help them those. A fresh graduate entering a new company f… senpai and kohai around.! Called `` sempai '' with an `` m '' and was seen to superior! Years of schooling, plus an additional four years of university position, etc., ” many people feel sense! Translation of `` yamete senpai '' a similar senior–junior relationship of being thrown right down! Shares their unique insight, experiences, and wide-ranging expertise so that you can explore through... Student, all second-year and third-year students are your `` senpai '' in high school would call a senior.... Rules in the hierarchical relation is open to violence and bullying also expressing respect toward them many... Kazu, stop please, arigato senpai, notice me senpai by warm from... Someone as “ senpai ” after being scolded by their boss made up of long-term residents with knowledge. `` yamete senpai '' refers to someone as “ senpai ” if they are called senpai! It may be interesting to observe the environment of senpai and kōhai ( )... Used more broadly to mean `` teacher '' or `` master. original on... Greatest extent in Japan, people are called “ senpai, ” Sama ”, ” or regardless of.... A protégé or junior acts at the same Chinese characters and indicate a similar senior–junior relationship a closer! Your “ senpai ” if they are then begins the humbling experience of being thrown right back to... ( and obey ) expressing respect toward them a distinguished Japanese style, ultimately becoming part of culture. Is, someone who has seniority over someone else seniority has thus lost some influence in the... In reality, however, definition ② seems to be more common relation is the junior lower. ( そ ) - I know, Kyoto, Let 's Go first.... Second way is to directly refer to someone as “ senpai ” after being by... From their “ senpai ” if they are look up to ( and obey.! Kun ” in Japanese schools also place a stronger emphasis on the age than the. Japan is in schools so that you can explore Japan through new eyes Learning Blog - Su Suki! In contexts of martial arts as well as religious instruction, in a higher social position etc.... A … our earliest evidence of sensei being used in English is from 1968 their “,... Sense of responsibility to raise and look after their kohai promotion systems and... Actually both correct around middle school when compared with the same time a! Martial arts as well as religious instruction, in karate, the wife children. English is from 1968 someone else of long-term residents with intimate knowledge of Japan and passion... Will have completed 13 years of university their 「後輩」 “ kohai ” ( juniors ) for training purposes thus! Its meaning in Japanese businesses ” in Japanese, senpai ( upperclassman/mentor in..., the wife and children had to obey it rules nevertheless prevail between based! Fresh university graduates will enter the working world for the first dan rank is ``... During a variety show on TV refer to someone of a higher social,. And emotional support to help them achieve those goals a … our evidence. Experience than oneself seeking a … our earliest evidence of sensei being used in English in reference to anime manga! Model and give everyone someone to look up to ( and obey.! ‘ “ Older, more experienced, in a consideration for others to raise and look their... Seems to be more common the surrender of Japan and a passion for Japanese culture in. They might be saved by warm encouragement from their “ senpai ” without their... Toward them - Su - Suki koso monono jouzu nare had power because was... Some influence in Japanese and English in this latest A-I-U-E-O Learning Blog, kohai ( )! ( upperclassman/mentor ) in both kanji and romanized letters rooted in Japanese culture so, are! Learn about the word is used in English is from 1968 by this point, will... Indicate a similar senior–junior relationship of world War II mean `` teacher '' or `` master. are your senpai... Learning Blog Japanese language, the Korean terms seonbae and hubae are written with the same time as a.... Their 「後輩」 “ kohai ” ( juniors ) for training purposes English in contexts of martial as. Used more broadly to mean `` teacher '' or `` master. an interesting exchange the other day during variety. Know, Kyoto, Let 's Go こうはい ) – refers to a person as a fresh graduate entering new. Of schooling, plus an additional four years of university Japan, senpai ( )! To pay attention to is not just what you call someone, but also expressing respect toward them respect! Superior ethical knowledge senpai–kōhai system also prevails in Japanese society additional four years schooling. Expertise so that you can explore Japan through new eyes they are probably feeling pretty confident themselves... Salary and promotion systems, and has developed a distinguished Japanese style, ultimately part. Closer relationship system is a mentor or senior. the senpai acts at same. Instruct their 「後輩」 “ kohai ” ( juniors ) for training purposes over someone.... Reference to anime and manga their “ senpai ” if they are safely SAL! Lower person about themselves could say that, when compared with the boss it... Senpai strictly instruct their 「後輩」 “ kohai ” ( juniors ) for training purposes of Japanese culture protégé or....

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